Things like carbohydrates, protein, and fat are well know macronutrients. Micronutrients are exactly the opposite and are just what the name implies – necessary only in small amounts. But don’t be fooled, even though only small amounts are required they are absolutely essential for good health. Micronutrients include everything from iodine to zinc and they are all necessary for your all the systems in the body to function correctly.
What Role Do They Play in Your Health
Commonly referred to as “vitamins and Minerals”, micro nutrients are key to health. Many micronutrients like vitamins C, A, D,E and K, and the B-complex vitamins are fairly well-known. There are many lesser known but no less important ones like selenium, copper, and zinc.
They are called “micro”-nutrients because your body needs only very small amounts them. However, missing these very small amounts can lead to serious health concerns.
Here are just a few things micro nutrients do:
- Vitamin E is essential for reproductive health, immune function, healthy skin and antioxidant defense, and it protects cell membranes.
- Folate (vitamin B9) is essential for DNA synthesis, supports cell repair and growth.
- Right after calcium, Magnesium is the second most important bone and tooth mineral. It is essential for nerve function and muscle contraction, and assists as a cofactor in over 300 enzymes touching virtually all metabolic pathways in our cells.
- Copper is needed for iron transport and storage in the body, for antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, SOD), and for growing and maintaining healthy connective tissues.
See https://optivega.com/ingredients/ for more detailed information about individual micronutrients
Common Micronutrient Deficiencies
Not getting enough micronutrients can lead to serious health problems so it is important to be aware of your diet. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers micronutrient deficiency as a health threat to the worlds population. Some of the most common deficiencies are iron, vitamin A, and iodine deficiency.
- It is estimated that 30% of the worlds population suffers from iron deficiency anemia.
- Iodine deficiency is regarded by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the most prevalent and easily preventable case of impaired cognitive development in children in the world
- A lack of vitamin A can lead to blindness
Fortunately Getting Enough Vitamins and Minerals is Easy
The first and best step you can take in making sure you get enough micronutrients is to eat a balanced diet. A balanced diet is one that gives your body the nutrients it needs to function properly and maintains or improve overall health. A healthy diet provides the body with essential nutrition: fluid, adequate essential amino acids from protein, essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and adequate calories.
Eating plenty of nuts, whole grains and leafy vegetables is a great start. Plant-based diet are typically more healthy but can fall short in some areas. To be sure you are getting the micronutrients your body needs in todays fast-paced environment more and more people are using supplements. The perfect choice for today’s health-conscience vegan or vegetarian is OptiVega®, the worlds first micronutrient supplement formulated especially for the plant-based diet.